Do you ever find yourself having trouble not knowing what action to take? Do you tend to get stuck in a rut, or remain steadfast in your comfort zone? When a learning process is in the auxiliary or Co-Pilot position in the Car Model, it takes conscious effort to reflect on how a particular decision can play out. Types that lead with a decision-making process can jump to conclusions before considering all of the possibilities. For this article, I will focus on two introverted types: INFPs and INTPs (from here referenced as INxPs).

Both types use a freeing Co-pilot process called Extraverted Intuition or what we’ve nicknamed “Exploration.” This process is all about experimenting in the world and engaging with novelty. When INxPs use this process, they open up a massive realm of possibility. If an INxP bypasses Exploration by relying on their tertiary 10-Year-Old process, they may hesitate to move forward in their lives and can seem incredibly short-sighted and judgmental toward others.

A Pitfall

The 10-Year-Old called “Memory,” or Introverted Sensing, celebrates repetition in what’s known to be safe. It encourages mastery over creating positive experiences and routines. However, for INxPs this process can trap them in their comfort zone and sabotage any efforts to seek out new information.

For example, let’s say someone presents an argument to you, but it doesn’t make sense and may not feel right to you (just pick any current event that gets you defensive and/or emotional). If the argument is dismissed too quickly without considering how it might be logical to someone else, then the Memory process wins. For other types, this isn’t always a bad thing but INxPs can fall into the trap of clinging to preconceived notions, unwilling to be wrong. Closing off possibilities may keep them away from greater insight. Comfort zones make them feel safe and competent in the short term, which leads to a pattern of thought where there’s only one right way, one truth, or one conclusion, especially when feeling defensive. They might use stock arguments as the only measure of what’s possible in their lives.

Develop Your Co-Pilot

It’s important to use Exploration as a vetting process before or immediately after making a decision because it asks “Are these all of the options? What else could I try?”

Types that use this function as their Co-Pilot might experience resistance. In many cases, they will have to try out their idea before knowing how to feel about it. Sometimes a decision can’t be made until action is taken in some shape or form first. And that can understandably wreak havoc on a person’s nerves. That 10-Year-Old Memory process will definitely whisper in your ear “Stay safe! You don’t know what’s gonna happen!” and it’s true. You won’t. But what if things turn out to be interesting? Exhilarating? Efficient? Seamless? What if you could find a model that streamlines the way you think about relationships? Wouldn’t it be awesome to meet a person you could vibe with on a deep level?

Testing out the possibilities to these questions in the physical world is quintessential for getting into the Exploration process. You’ll probably have to leap before you look to utilize this process effectively.

There *is* one way to make this more palatable. Instead of allowing your Memory process to hinder growth, appease it by choosing to do a novel thing in a safe container. For example, if you decide to dive into growth by traveling to a country you’ve never been to, make sure to go with a trusted friend and have an itinerary. Or if you decide to meet someone new, pick a restaurant that you frequent so you feel comfortable. Make sure some aspect of your regular routine is included in the adventure to make sure you get the most out of the experience.

Tangible Actions

Here are some tangible actions you can take. Accomplish the first few on your own without meeting up with anyone. I encourage you to try them this week. Then next week, try at least one of the more social suggestions. Don’t worry about how it might go. Just make sure a small part of your normal routine is included somewhere in the action.


  • Generate a list of new occupations or hobbies you would like to get into. Write down the thing that’s stopping you from pursuing these paths. Then list what you might do to abolish those resistances.
  • Brainstorm at least ten different solutions to an ethical or logical problem. Hold those ideas in your mind, no matter how far-fetched they seem. For example, list at least ten different ways to get your boss to give you a promotion.
  • Think about what good could come from discouraging situations such as a breakup, losing an election, getting fired, or lacking money. Try to list five positive counters for any distasteful event that you think of.


  • If you’re in an argument with someone that seems to be repetitive, think of a different response or behavior to use. Change the flow of the interaction and see what happens.
  • Find something new about the place you already live in. An especially good exercise for those who have lived in the same town for years is to try to find a hole-in-the-wall restaurant that you may have walked by but never tried. Or go down a street you’ve never bothered to explore. Get lost in your own city and ditch the navigation. If it makes you feel safer, have some cash on hand for a cab to quickly get you back home asap. Or when you’re ready, open up the navigation when you’re sick of wandering.
  • Talk to someone you would never bother saying hello to before. Ask them about their lives, what they’re passionate about, and compare how their worldviews differ from yours. What makes sense to them? What do they value? During this time, learn about what makes them different. Be open to simply receiving their information whether you agree with it or not.
  • Travel to a place you’ve never been to (whether within your own country or abroad). And if you’re thinking that’s expensive, think of at least ten cheap alternatives to more expensive travel. For example, you could volunteer at a hostel to have free lodging, CouchSurf, become an au pair, house-sit, or volunteer on a farm through the WWOOF program where many farmers will provide housing.
  • Start a new business or side project. Don’t worry about competency or if someone might judge you for it. Start it and see what happens. Think of all the ways you could make your business/project successful. When one tactic doesn’t fly, move on to the next one and keep trying as many of the possibilities as you can.

Getting Into Growth

Instead of allowing the Memory process to limit growth, let it act as a support system. Memory loves creating routines, so you can use that as a starting point to launch into Exploration.

Let me give you an example of how each type uses the relationship between their Exploration and Memory processes to broaden their worldview.

I know an INFP who built a tribe of open-minded people who constantly give him insight and fresh perspectives. At first, he started small with this pursuit, going to a local bar after work for a few hours daily. Many times he sat alone and did some work or writing, but as he continued the ritual of after work drinks, he became a regular. The bartenders got to know him and he stayed open and engaged with whoever approached him. Soon enough, people started coming to the bar to see him and he built his tribe within a few months. Sure, not everyone stuck and not every relationship lasted in the long-term. However, that project alone landed him a couple of the close connections with interesting people that he craved.

His Memory process recognized a safe container in which he could build a routine. So he used that space to explore new people, ideas, and relationships.

In another example, my INTP friend typically would identify himself as an A-class misanthropist. His best friend was his guitar and he would play scale exercises over and over. However, one day (and I’m still not sure what came over him) he decided to try something new. He started inviting people to make music with him. And once he met people with some new ideas and life experiences, they invited him to help take care of an urban garden. Turns out he loved it. He got really into sustainability, even encouraging other people in his social circle to do the same. He now hosts parties on occasion, and interviews people about their lives on a regular basis. That one small step in expanding his social framework completely changed the way he thought about life and people in general.

His Memory process was attracted to refining his skill in guitar. But it ended up opening a new realm of possibility to explore.

Final Notes

If you’re an INFP or an INTP reading this article, take a chance and get out of your comfort zone. Take a tangible action and open up a world of possibilities for growth. If you’re worried about having your identity challenged or not being competent, use your Exploration process to think about what good could come from the prospective experience. When you seek out every positive conclusion first, then you have a greater ability to enhance the best parts of you. And in turn, you’ll start seeing the best in others. Step outside of the box. The first few times you try to get out of a rut may not be successful and that’s ok. Keep leveling up. Keep experiencing the complexity of the world. Then, your insightful conclusions about how the world works will impact and inspire those around you.

Want to learn more?

Discover Your Personal Genius



  • Johanna
    • Johanna
    • February 15, 2019 at 9:33 pm

    the old strategies and ideas I had used to get the energy to get settled there were *no longer working in the new place.

    Why are the typos always the one word that completely reverses the meaning? ?

  • Johanna
    • Johanna
    • February 15, 2019 at 9:29 pm

    One reason why Exploring is anxiety-inducing for me (INTP) is that the failures result in negative feedback from other people. Feedback like “you are scattered, you never follow through, you are not dependable”.

    I’ve worked hard to develop some level of habitual competency at the boring stuff so that the lack of it didn’t interfere with my ability to connect with other people. Exploring has felt like a threat to that.

    I have recently discovered that a lack of Exploring can pose the very same threat though. After moving from a house I was settled in, the old strategies and ideas I had used to get the energy to get settled there were enough longer working on the new place. I had closed my mind to “over-thinking” the daily grind, focusing on habituating it instead.

    It took 3 years to occur to me that I needed to be open-minded about it again, that the way I succeeded before wasn’t the only way in existence. That was a funny experience, realizing I was stuck in my ways. ?

    I spent some time brainstorming, thinking about the nature of food, clothing, and shelter as broadly as I could, and wham! Inspiration, energy, and progress. Good stuff.

  • Ben Readings
    • Ben Readings
    • October 14, 2018 at 8:29 am

    Excellent article! I was having such a difficult time understanding the relationship between Ne and Si. This clarified all of my questions. Thank you!

  • DaniPA
    • DaniPA
    • January 30, 2018 at 12:58 pm

    All of these exercises are fun, which I guess is all the proof I needed that Ne is a strength of mine. The first one inspired me to take a shot and pursue a new career path that has interested me all of my life, but never seemed practical enough to pursue. But I’m just going to try new things and keep trying. It’s scary because I really have to trust and hope that not doing what’s most practical won’t hurt me in the end. But it’s so much better than doing nothing, right?

  • Nach
    • Nach
    • July 27, 2017 at 10:38 am

    I do agree with this point.

    There are many ways to explore the world, but the most accurate way is definitely to put my thoughts out there and make them become concrete.

    Sure, every so often, when I lack energy or I feel in my comfort zone, I don’t feel like ruffling feathers with new ventures/side tracks. But life become SO boring that I end up giving myself a gigantic mental kick to prompt something ne, wildly different and so “out there” that people can’t help but blink and call out “magic” (the words of my ESTJ boss).

    It might be because I’ve been left to my own devices and forced to “survive” on my own since I was 14, who knows? But one thing that I can say for sure is that the satisfaction I get from seeing an idea/project/a course of action pick up within my group of chosen fews (students, family, community, colleagues) is EXHILARATING.

    Granted, I don’t always have the strength to follow up consistently to the “T” (I get bored with repetition and routines) but I find it MUCH easier to upgrade/refine this project by injecting even more ideas, and thus bringing people together again, but with a different twist to it.

    INTPs are the real " analysts and creative problem-solvers". Thinking through a problem is mental warm up, and designing a solution is like a sustained epiphany. No drug in the world can EVER beat this natural process in our mind. :)

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