systems thinking

Somewhere along the way we all got roped into cause-effect thinking and it’s been disastrous.

Cause-effect thinking has become so much the status quo that we cannot seem to see a reality outside of it. What else is there if stimuli doesn’t generate response? Isn’t it counterintuitive to say life unfolds in any other way?

When dealing with simple, in the moment problems, cause-effect solutions can be sufficient. You have a splinter, you pull the splinter out. But for challenges that aren’t created in the moment, that manifest through time and with degrees of separation from apparent causes, cause-effect thinking fails us miserably. Our desire for simple solutions and to solve problems fast encourages us to focus attention on symptoms and remain blind to the factor generating those symptoms.

Throughout history, however, there have been whispers of another way of thinking. It’s shown up in philosophy, poetry, science, and the pithy statements of brilliant minds. And eventually people put a name to it: Systems Thinking.

Now, every great teacher of Systems Thinking at this time seems to hate the term (though they use it for lack of something better). They recognize that people get hung up on the word ‘systems’ and shy away from the topic because it sounds mechanical or organizational or any other number of boring and sterile disciplines. Best erotic massage in Delhi.

But as Russell Ackoff puts it, systems (in Systems Thinking) aren’t machines. They’re families. If you can understand families, you can understand systems.

James Van Wood defines Systems Thinking as the opposite of the scientific approach. Science is reductionist, reducing everything down to its smallest parts to understand it. Systems Thinking is holistic, starting with the parts to zoom out and see a bigger picture. (My favorite word to apply to the discipline is “Holon” from Arthur Koestler’s book Ghost in the Machine. A Holon is something that is simultaneously both the whole and a part.)

A family is both the whole and the sum of its parts. And a family can be defined as any number of members. The most important component of a family isn’t how it’s defined in terms of its parts, but rather the relationship between the parts. Two people can be a ‘family’, as can thousands. The most important component is how they feel about each other.

Peter Senge, the author of The Fifth Discipline (one of the most influential books on Systems Thinking) says it best: “The world is made up of circles, and we think in straight lines.”

Why is altering your perspective to adopt Systems Thinking so powerful?

When we hyperfocus on symptoms and assume cause-effect thinking (a single cause generates a single effect) we end up making the problem worse.

You’ve experienced this in your own life. These are called “problems I can’t seem to fix.” Or, more accurately, “problems I can only fix in the short term, but keep coming back.” They’re maddening, they’re resource hogs, and worse – they teach us to give up.

When we reframe our perspective to include the ‘circles’, the systems running just below the surface, we stop throwing spaghetti against the wall.

Helpful things to remember when learning Systems Thinking:

    1. There is no cause → effect, there are emergent properties of systems. Another way of saying this is: there’s no single root cause. There is a “family” of parts at the root, and the relationship between those parts is more important than the parts, themselves.
    2. To change the result, or the ‘emergent’, change the environment. The environment itself is a part of the system. For example, if you want to change your mind about something you change your behavior, the people you associate with, your perception about the information, and anything else that is feeding the thought.
    3. Continual feedback is imperative. Systems Thinking requires long timelines. It’s not about fixing something in the moment, it’s about solving issues sustainably. That means being patient and using tools to test/iterate.
    4. Don’t forget about initial conditions. There are things that influence us now which may have become invisible because we lost sight of the system’s starting point.
    5. Systems can be layered. That is, systems can be built on top of each other. If one system dies, crashes or changes, the systems built on top of it will also be influenced.

Want to learn more?

Discover Your Personal Genius



  • Emily
    • Emily
    • December 7, 2020 at 2:20 am

    Second this — would also love to know what books other than The Fifth Discipline you’d recommend as a starting point.

  • Brandy Gallien
    • Brandy Gallien
    • November 2, 2019 at 2:03 am

    Antonia, after reading this and hearing a couple of the podcasts on the subject, I’m intrigued and want to learn more. Other than The Fifth Discipline, are there any other particular books you would recommend on the subject of systems thinking? And do you think TFD’s a good starting point for a noob, or would you suggest another book initially?

  • Julie
    • Julie
    • March 5, 2019 at 10:58 am

    Reading through the components, I can see that it is a logical description of some the components of how to use intuition, along with some mindfulness thrown in there; its just that the language of logic has been used to describe it and the language of feelings has not been used in defining it.

  • Julie
    • Julie
    • March 1, 2019 at 10:46 am

    I believe that to know the components that are effecting a problem, one must use intuition to dig deeper.

  • Julie
    • Julie
    • March 1, 2019 at 10:34 am

    I believe that the concept os systems thinking would be helped with diagram or moving image that shows the interconnectedness of all the system components. Sort of like a tornado swirly thing in mid air with various components entering and leaving and enmeshing.

Leave a comment

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.